Charles Théodore Frère
French 1814 - 1888
Outskirts of Cairo
Oil on canvas, signed and inscribed "Au Caire" lower right
Image size: 12 ¾ x 22 ½ inches
Original gilt frame
Charles Théodore Frère was born in Paris on 21st June 1814. As a young man he showed a strong inclination towards painting as a career, despite his father’s hopes that he would become a musician. He studied under the landscape artist Jules Coignet (1798-1860) and then under Camille Roqueplan (1803-1855). On completing his apprenticeship he travelled extensively in France, exhibiting at the Salon for the first time in 1834, and again in 1835 and 1836.
A visit to Algeria in 1837 changed the course of his life. He exhibited his first Orientalist painting at the Salon in 1839 and from then on painted only scenes of the Muslim world. He stayed in Algeria for a year, painting several large pictures, which were later bought by King Wurttemberg. He appears to have travelled almost annually to Algeria until about 1850. In 1851 he journeyed further East, stopping at Malta, Greece and Smyrna on his way to Constantinople where he stayed for eighteen months. He then went on to Syria, Palestine, Nubia and Egypt, where he had a studio in Cairo. After three years travelling Frère returned to Paris laden with material for future paintings. He took part in the Paris Universal Exhibitions of 1855, 1867 and 1878. He made his last journey to Egypt in 1869 for the inauguration of the Suez Canal in the company of Empress Eugénie and her entourage.
Frère's talent and appeal lies in his ability to create atmospheric scenes, for example Bedouin encampments silhouetted against dawn and sunset views.
Frère died in Paris on 24th March 1888.
Nancy (Arabes au Repos), Bagnères (La Caravane), Laval (Vue de Karnac & Ruines de Louqsor), Reims (Caravane Traversant le Désert d'Arabie), Bourges (Le Soir sur les Bords du Nil), Mulhouse (Chameliers au Caire & Rue au Caire), New York (MetropolitanArt Museum), Chicago, Minneapolis
Benezit Vol. IV p517 (1976)
Thieme Becker p427 (1927)
Lynne Thornton 'The Orientalists', ACR Edition, 1983, pp52-54
Serenade in Cairo
Oil on canvas, signed and dated ‘Ralli, 81’ lower left
Image size: 16½ x 12¾ inches (41 x 31.50 cm)
Hand made Orientalist gilt frame
Autumn Exhibition, Liverpool 1881
Maria Katsanaki, Theodore Ralli, Illustrated page 119, A. G. Leventis Gallery, Greece, 2018
Gustave Nicolas Pinel
French 1842 – 1896
The Home Dwelling
Oil on canvas, signed lower left
Image size: 18 x 14 ¾ inches (45.5 x 37.5 cm)
Original gilt frame
The light shining down to the steps gives the effect of heat and brings to life the space below. Unlike many other Orientalist who painted scenes of their imagination, Pinel wanted to capture the real people he saw and their everyday lives. The detail in his paintings captures the surprising beauty of the places that these people lived in.
1850 – 1939
THE GOLDEN HEADDRESS
Oil on canvas, signed upper left
Image size: 21 x 16 inches (53.5 x 40.5 cm)
Vincenzo Loria trained as an artist in his native country of Italy. He moved to Rome where he spent most of his life. He worked mostly in watercolours and specialised in romantic scenes set in the Italian countryside. However, he also painted a large number of Islamic scenes such as 'Si và al bagno’, 'The Public Letter Writer' and 'Portrait of a Turkish lady smoking the hookah'.
With the help of Mazzoleni and an English dealer called Dudens, most of his works were bought by private collectors in England and the United States. In 1925, Loria settled in Tuscany, having established his reputation as a fashionable artist.
His works are well executed and show a strong understanding of light and shade within the subject.
'Costumes of Rome 800' by M Fagiolo & M Marini
Exhibition Catalogue - Centro Sviluppo Antiquariato & Arte, Rome 1978
Catalogue Bolaffi della pittura Italiana dell'Ottocento, No. 14 Milan 1985
Italian 1857 – 1917
Watercolour, signed lower left
Image size: 10 x 14 ¼ inches
Acid free mount and ornate orientalist frame
Born to a military and banking family in Rome in 1858, Rosati studied painting at the San Luca Academy in Rome from 1875, under the painter, architect and poet Francesco Podesti (1800-1895) and the portraitist and history painter, Dario Querci (born 1831). However, Rosati soon tired of their academic style of training and went on to study under the fashionable genre painter, Luis Alvarez Catala (1836-1901), who later became the director of the Prado Museum in Madrid. He was probably inspired to paint Orientalist scenes by the Spanish artist, Mariano Fortuny y Marsal (1838-1874), whose paintings were immensely popular in Rome during the 1860s.
Rosati was one of the most prolific Orientalist painters at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth century. He painted in both oil and watercolour, although he is more renowned today for his watercolours. His paintings are appealing for their wealth of detail and colour, possessing an almost photographic quality. He is particularly good at depicting the intricate patterns of oriental rugs. His favourite scenes are bazaars, encampments of armed horsemen and harem girls.
Most of Rosati's work left Italy and found its way into private collections in England, France and America, although today many are to be found in the Middle East with their renewed popularity and now considerable value. His son, Alberto Rosati, painted in a similar manner, greatly showing the influence of his father, but he was not as prolific.
Rosati died in Rome on 16th February 1917.
Benezit, Vol IX (1976), p87
‘Pittori Italiano di Ottocento ‘A.M Comanducci Milan (1935)
A.M Comanducci ‘Dizionario ill. Pittori E Incisori Ital. Mo (1945) p. 696
'Les Orientalistes de l'Ecole Italienne' by Caroline Juler, ACR Editions Paris (1987), pp.220-222
'La Femme dans la Peinture Orientaliste' Lynne Thornton, ACR Editions Paris (1993), p252
'Les Orientalistes Peintres Voyageurs 1828-1908', Lynne Thornton, ACR Editions Paris
'Najd Collection of Orientalist Paintings' Caroline Juler, (1991), p209
Thieme-Becker ‘Kunstlerlex’ 29 (1935) p.5
WALTER FREDERICK ROOFE TYNDALE, RI, RBI
1855 – 1943
Watercolour, signed lower left
Image size: 9 ¾ x 14 inches (25 x 35.5 cm)
Tyndale was a painter in watercolour of landscapes and architectural subjects, and portraits and genre scenes in oil.
The artist was born in Bruges, Belgium, of English parents. At the age of 15, he began studying at Bruges Academy but the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian war forced the family to return to England. On his return to Belgium in 1874, he enrolled at the Antwerp Academy where he won a silver medal.
In 1876 he went to Paris to study under Léon Bonnat, a portraitist and Orientalist who six years earlier had travelled with a group of artists including Jean-Léon Gérôme to the Valley of the Nile, Sinai and Syria. Bonnat's stories and sketches that he brought back from Egypt fuelled Tyndale's interest in the Orient and his desire to travel there himself, although this was not to happen for some time yet.
In 1878, Tyndale returned to England where he made a healthy living painting posthumous portraits on commission. During the first part of his career, Tyndale painted in oil. It is believed that his first experience of watercolour was when he was asked by a young female artist to teach her to paint in watercolour. Having completed a week's course and spent the whole summer of 1893 painting in watercolour, Tyndale mastered the technique and decided that he would only paint in watercolours from then on.
His first taste of the Orient appears to be two holidays he spent in Tangier in 1894 and 1895 from where he brought back some watercolours. The directors of the Dowdeswell Galleries in London were so impressed with these that they commissioned him to paint 60 views of Egypt. In 1897, Tyndale arrived in Cairo and spent the next two years in Egypt, visiting Lebanon and Syria during the hottest summer months. In Cairo, Tyndale set about painting street scenes with a fellow artist that he met, Alfred East. Tyndale was lucky to have the assistance of a dragoman who was able to speak to the stall owners and obtain permission for the artist to use the backs of their shops as observation posts for sketching.
The dragoman also shooed away inquisitive children and pious passers by who objected to the representation of the human form in images. The dragoman was not always successful - once during Ramadan, a young man protested so fiercely to the inclusion of a fruit stall owner in Tyndale's painting that a fight ensued during which the artist was hit. The incident concluded with the young man having to spend 16 days in prison, and the artist having to find another sitter!
In 1898 Tyndale sent back drawings to England for an exhibition, and the following year he returned in person for another exhibition of his works entitled 'Cairo, Jerusalem and Sicily'.
In 1905 he returned to Cairo where he spent most of the next 5 years. He was invited by an English family to sail up the Nile in their luxurious dahabieh. He also spent 3 months in Nubia and a few weeks in Luxor, sketching. The following year he returned to Luxor where he painted watercolours of the relief’s of the temples of Deir el-Bahari, Seti and Edfou. He wrote accounts of these Egyptian travels in two books - 'Below the Cataracts' (1907) and 'An Artist in Egypt' (1912), which had been commissioned by his editor to accompany the 60 or so illustrations rendered from his watercolours. The success of 'Below the Cataracts' prompted his editor to send him to Japan in 1909 to bring back more material for another book.
He was elected a member of the Royal Institute in 1911, and of the Royal British Colonial Society of Artists in 1926.
The First World War interrupted his travels but once it was over Tyndale visited Tunisia, the artist's final trip to the Orient. In 1921, once their children had grown up and moved away from home, Tyndale and his wife settled in Venice. After the death of his wife in 1936, he returned to London, where he died 7 years later.
The Roya lAcademy
The Royal Institute
The Suffolk Street Galleries.
Leicester Gallery (1910 and 1912)
Waring and Gillows (1913)
The Fine Art Society (1920 and 1924)
G. Ackerman (ACR Edition, Paris,) 'Les Orientalistes de l'Ecole Britannique'
H. L. Mallalieu (Antique Collectors Club, England) 'The Dictionary of British Watercolour Artists up to 1920'
L. Thornton (ACR Edition, Paris) 'The Orientalists Painter-Travellers 1828-1908'
C. Wood (Antique Collectors Club, England) 'The Dictionary of Victorian Painters'
JOHN EDWARD GOODALL
1853 - 1920
Leading the Way
Pencil, watercolour and gouache, signed lower right
Image size: 6 ¼ x 8 ¼ inches (16 x 21 cm)
Hand made gilt frame
John Edward Goodall was the son of Alfred Goodall and Mary Palmer. Alfred was a brother to Edward A. and Frederick Goodall, both accomplished artists. He was most prolific during the period between 1877 and 1911. In the 1891 census he is shown as being married to Grace, manager of the Sommerville Club, London but by 1901 he is to be found with a woman named Annie. John associated with a bohemian art circle and tended to have a corresponding lifestyle.
The work produced by Goodall is well executed and often in watercolour. He trained at art school in London and travelled extensively. He was not the prolific artist like his uncles and a lot about his life is still unknown.
The watercolour “The Chosen Path” is an intriguing picture of a scout showing a chieftain and his warriors a choice of paths. The horses have been well observed by Goodall, looking very elegant and composed. In the background the spears shine out at the ready.
Royal Marines Museum
National Portrait Gallery
ALBERT GOODWIN RWS
British 1845 – 1932
Watercolour & bodycolour on tinted paper, signed & inscribed lower right
Image size: 9 x 12 inches (18.5 x 26.5 cm)
Albert Goodwin was born in Maidstone in Kent and was able to maintain a career as a successful artist for a lifetime, as painter of landscapes and imaginative subjects. He is particularly noted for his atmospheric watercolour landscapes painted with a virtuoso technique. Goodwin first exhibited at the Royal Academy at the age of fifteen, with a Ruskinian oil painting Under the Hedge. In the early 1860s, he studied under Arthur Hughes and Ford Madox Brown. In this decade Goodwin began to abandon oils for watercolours, and started exhibiting at the Dudley Gallery. The Dudley Gallery was a natural choice of venue for Goodwin at this period of transition.
Hughes introduced Goodwin to Ruskin around 1870. It was as a watercolourist that Ruskin employed him in the 1870’s and 1880’s in his project to record endangered buildings. In 1872 Goodwin travelled with Ruskin and Arthur Severn to Italy. This was the first of many trips abroad that he made both for Ruskin and independently. His travels would take him throughout Europe, India, Egypt and the South Seas.
Like Turner, Goodwin was a master of all the techniques used in water-colour painting, employing at various times (and not infrequently all together) watercolour, bodycolour, pen and ink, chalk, pastel and gum, on white or tinted papers, with the whole sometimes neatly enclosed in a beautifully designed, hand-painted border. In order to achieve the subtle lighting effects associated with dawn and sunset – his favourite times of the day – he wiped and scraped and ‘…hammered at them with the blade of a safety-razor, a knife, sandpaper, sponge, rag, and a fitch brush.
Goodwin was also one of the first Victorian watercolourists to add pen and ink to finished watercolours. Ruskin admired his works greatly, despite that fact that they sometimes sacrificed antiquarian to atmospheric qualities. Goodwin was elected Associate of the Royal Watercolour Society in 1871 and Member in 1881.
Early 19th Century
Watercolour & bodycolour, signed & inscribed & dated 1847 lower right
Image size: 9 ½ x 13 inches (24 x 33 cm)
1880 – 1950
Anight my Shallop
Pencil & watercolour, signed & dated 1913
Image size: 10 ¼ x 7 ½ inches (26 x 19 cm)
Hand made Orientalist frame
This watercolour was illustaretd in Mary Macleod, The Children's Poets, Tennyson, page 88. (London 1913) The title is from 'Recollections of the Arabian Nights'
Norman Ault was born in December 17 1880. Ault was a book illustrator and writer, now known best as a compiler of anthologies.
Ault wrote children’s literature with his wife Lena, who died in 1904. He later was noted as a scholar of English poetry of the seventeenth century, and of Alexander Pope.
Please contact for more information.
JAMES THOMPSON HIXON A.N.W.S.
1836 – 1868
The Meeting Place
Pencil and watercolour, signed dated 1864
Image size: 13 x 9 ¼ inches (33 x 23 ½ cm)
Italian Flourished: 1870 - 1900
Oil on canvas, signed upper right
Image size: 21 x 16 inches
Ornate gilt frame
Although not much is known about Nicola Forcella, we do know that he was born before 1868 in Castellaneta, Italy. His date of death is unknown. His paintings depicted scenes of everyday life that he encountered on his travels throughout Egypt and the Middle East.
It is also known that he taught at the School of Applied Arts Khedivial, Egypt, where he received the Imperial Order of Medjidié. He had a younger brother, Paolo (1868 -?), who studied painting in Naples and accompanied him on his travels in Egypt.